Wuchereria bancrofti

Wuchereria bancrofti,Filariasis,It’s Symptoms,Treatment!!


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WUCHERERIA

Wuchereria bancrofti is a filariod nematode, causing a very tragic, debilitating disease known as filariasis or elephantiasis.

This disease has been known from antiquity and was the first discovery of insect (culex mosquito) transmission of a human disease.

In general, infection with any of the filarial nematode may be called as filariasis. But the term filariasis refers to lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria or Brugia species.

MORPHOLOGY

   male and female wuchwreriaADULT:

  • The adult worms are whitish, translucent, threadlike worms with smooth cuticle and tapering ends.
  • The head is slightly swollen and bears two circles of well defined papillae.
  • The female worm is larger than the male worm.
  • The adult worm live for many years, probably 10-15 years or more.


  microfilariaJUVENILE:

  • Female wuchereria are oviparous.
  • The juveniles or embryos are released in the elongated egg shell, which persists as a sheath.
  • The embryos are referred to as microfilariae.
  • Microfilariae are seen in blood smears and are diagnostic.
  • They are 230-320 mm long.
  • The cuticle of the microfilariae has well marked striations and the tail tapers gradually to a rounded tip.

LIFE CYCLE OF WUCHERERIA

  • Wuchereria bancrofti mainly transmitted by culex and anopheles mosquito.
  • Larval form of the parasite is taken up by a female mosquito when it takes a blood meal from a human infected with adult worms.
  • The microfilariae develop inside the mosquito.
  • When the mosquito takes another blood meal the infected filariform larvae enter the bite wound.
  • Filariform larvae migrate to the lymphatics and lymph glands.
  • Larvae develop into sexually mature adult worms over 3-12 months depending on the species of filarial worm.

clife cycle of wuchereria

FILARIASIS OR ELEPHANTIASIS

Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi are the filarial nematodes. Spread by several species in night feeding mosquitoes. It causes lymphatic filariasis or it is also known as elephantiasis.

Definitive host:

  • Humans are the definive host for the worms(Wuchereria bancrofti) that cause lymphatic filariasis.
  • Brugia malayi has been found in macaques, leaf monkeys, cats and civet cats.

Intermediate host:

  • Wuchereria bancrofti is transmitted by Culex, Aedes and Anopheles species.
  • Brugia malayi is transmitted by Anopheles and Mansonia species.

symptom of filariasisFILARIASIS SYMPTOMS

  • Asymptomatic: patients have hidden damage to the lymphatic system and kidney.
  • Acute: attacks of ‘filarial fever’ (pain and inflammation of lymph nodes and ducts, often accompanied by fever, nausea and vomiting) increase with severity of chronic disease.
  • Chronic: may cause elephantiasis and hydrocoele (swelling of the scrotum) in males or enlarged breast in female.

VECTOR CONTROL

  • Covering water storage containers and improving waste water and solid waste treatment system can help by reducing the amount of standing water in which mosquitoes can lay eggs.
  • Killing eggs (oviciding) and killing or disrupting larva (larvaciding) in bodies of stagnant water can further mosquito population.

FILARIASIS TREATMENT

  1. Treatment of filariasis or elephantiasis involves two components:
  • Getting rid of the microfilariae in people’s blood.
  • Maintaining careful hygiene in infected person to reduce the incidence and severity of secondary (e.g., bacterial) infection.
  1. The drug choice for the past 40 years has been diethylcarbamazine (DEC, Hetrazan) which eliminates microfilariae from the blood and careful administration usually kills the adult.
  2. Albendazole kills adult worm
  3. Lvermectin kills the microfilariae produced by adult worm.
  4. Edematous limbs are sometimes successfully treated by applying pressure bandages which force the lymph out of the swollen area.
  5. Surgical removal of elephantoid tissue is often possible.

 This is the general notes on Wuchereria bancrofti,Filariasis and its Symptoms and Treatment.

Thank you.


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6 thoughts on “Wuchereria bancrofti,Filariasis,It’s Symptoms,Treatment!!

  1. Josefine Handerson is my name I just don’t know where to start from. But first i want to say a big thanks to God, and secondly to Dr Uwadia Amenifo for his care towards me. My good people, i suffered from Elephantiasis for some time, i have used different medicine, and have followed advises of people just to get a cure for my Elephantiasis without undergoing surgery, but none worked out for me. I search the internet for possible cure, and saw so many comments of people advising on possible cure, i tried all but still did not worked. My doctor said i have to start getting ready to undergo surgery before i will be fine but the finance to undergo the surgery was a very big problem because i am a poor woman. i cried to God to allow me die the way i was if it was his wish, but i kept hoping that God in his infinite mercy will one day send me a cure be it physical or spiritual. So on a faithful day, i came across a testimony by a man who said Dr Uwadia Amenifo Cured him of his long suffered disease with his herbal mixture. Then i checked the said Dr on Facebook where i added him, and i talked with him explaining to him my Elephantiasis and also if he have any sort of herbal remedy that can ease the pains for me. After i explained to him, he told me not to worry that he have cured Elephantiasis before, and he will cure mine without me undergoing surgery. I marveled at what he said because it was strange to me but getting a cure by any means was what i was after, so as a result of this i decided to give him a try. he counseled me, and after which we made necessary arrangement, he prepared the herbal mixture and sent it to me in my country, i used the herbs just as he have prescribed and behold the herbs worked like a magic in my eyes and cured me of my Elephantiasis. all the swollen in my leg begin to reduce and in less than a month my leg size returned to normal and now i am HAPPY to say i am cured and free from Elephantiasis. i have be calling Dr Uwadia Amenifo to tell him thanks for this he have done for me, but he said to me i should tell the world about his herbs, and that’s exactly what i am doing now. Please are you still there suffering from Elephantiasis? or you have other health challenges and you want someone to help you out? Please in a hurry contact Dr Uwadia Amenifo now. His phone number is +2349052015874. His email is (doctoruwadiaamenifo@gmail.com). Thank you all for your listening time.

  2. I am a 79-year-old lady. My FIBROMYALGIA disease appeared at the age of 74, with no hope of a cure from the hospital i looked further for an alternative treatments, a friend of mine told me about Health Herbal Clinic in Johannesburg South Africa who sell herbal treatments for diseases including FIBROMYALGIA disease, I contacted the herbal clinic via their website and purchased the fibromyalgia herbal remedy. I received the herbal remedy through DHL couriers within 8 days and i immediately commenced usage as prescribed, i used the herbal remedy for about a month and 1 week, my condition has greatly improved, all my symptoms including Chronic muscle pain, Abdominal pain, nausea, I am fibromyalgia free! contact Health Herbal Clinic via their email healthherbalclinic AT gmail DOT com or visit www DOT healthherbalclinic DOT weebly DOT com PLS fibromyalgia is not a death sentence, there is a cure!

  3. I have just been diagnosed with fibromyalgia on December 5, 2016. I had the symptoms for a long time and it became unbearable. I am a Head Start preschool teacher and my attitude changed, short tempered. It was time for me to retire. I am tired all the time and all I want to do is sleep. I don’t sleep well at night. I stopped taking naps because I am able to sleep the whole night. I know that I have to take one day at a time. This is not a mind over matter in this situation. I had support from my doctors, family and friends. i looked further for an alternative treatments, and then a friend of mine told me about Health Herbal Clinic in Johannesburg who sell herbal formula for diseases including FIBROMYALGIA disease, I contacted the herbal clinic via their website and purchased the fibromyalgia herbal remedy. I received the herbal remedy through DHL couriers within 8 days and i immediately commenced usage as prescribed, i used the herbal remedy for about a month and 1 week, my condition has greatly improved, all my symptoms including Chronic muscle pain, Abdominal pain, nausea, I am fibromyalgia free! contact Health Herbal Clinic via their email healthherbalclinic@ gmail. com or visit www. healthherbalclinic. weebly. com

  4. My mother have been suffering from fibromyalgia disease for the last 3 years and had constant pain, especially in her neck,During the first year,she had faith in God that she will be healed someday by the Almighty. This disease started circulate all over my moms body and she have been taking treatment from her doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (fibromyalgia) by this man DR Abumere and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to DR Abumere telling him about my mothers fibromyalgia disease he told me not to worry that my mom is gonna be okay with his herbal remedies!! actually i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man i went to discuss it with my mom and explain everything to her on what she is about to take in,because Dr Abumere told me my mother must stop other medication just to make sure his own work properly,she agreed because this great doctor gave me assurance about his good work.
    Weeks later after my mother start using this herbal medicine she started experiencing changes all over her as the DR assured me that she will cured,after some time i went to her doctor to confirmed if she has finally healed behold it was TRUE, So dear viewers my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email DR Abumere on: abumereherbalcentre@gmail.com or visit his website: http://www.abumereherbalcentre.simplesite.com

  5. Am having pains and feel like something moving in my head I went for blood test and they found microfilaria in my blood stream, what drug should I take for it not to result to elephantiasis?

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